Faroese Postal History
 

Faroese mail during and shortly after
the 1940-41 Provisionals Period

Stamp reference numbers are as follows;
DK (Danish Postal Administration Period) - DAKA GF 10 · 2017 Edition
FO (Faroese Postal Administration Period) - DAKA GF 10 · 2017 Edition
SG - Stanley Gibbons Denmark and Norway · 2018

Simplified Table of Minimum Rates
Letter Rates
Postcard Rates
Date
Local
Inland
Local
Inland
To 09.07.1940
10 øre 15 øre 7 øre 10 øre
10.07.1940
10 øre 20 øre 7 øre 15 øre
01.07.1946
15 øre 20 øre 10 øre 15 øre


German forces occupied Denmark on 9th April 1940, followed by the British occupying the Faroe Islands on 13th April 1940. The supply of postage stamps to the Islands were often problematic from this time onwards up until May 1945, due to the Faroes and Denmark being occupied by opposing forces.



LERVIG
datestamp No. 24.02
Type Uds
+
THORSHAVN
Receipt datestamp
dated 29.05.1940.

Datestamp No. 01.07
Type Bro IIIc

Franked with a 15 øre Caravel, scarlet, SG277b

Sent shortly before the rise in postal rates in July 1940 which saw an increase in the Inland letter rate from 15 ore to 20 øre, a rate rise that was critical to the need for 
the provisional stamps that followed. The Inland letter rate of 15 øre applied from 01.01.1927 until 09.07.1940.




New, increased, postage rates were introduced in the Faroe Islands on 10th July 1940

Non-provisional Frankings (Jul 1940-)

KLAKSVIG
dated 28.9.40

Datestamp No. 03.05
Type Bro IIc

The stamp is a 20 øre Caravel, grey, SG 278a

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950. So, being used in September 1940, this was just over a month before the introduction of the first provisional stamps.

At the Thorshavn post office the existing stocks of Grey 20 ore stamps lasted just 4 days. This example of the stamp was used in Klaksvig, and possibly franked an inland letter.



THORSHAVN
dated 10.10.1940

Franked with a pair of 10 øre Numeral, bright violet stamps. SG271c.

Datestamp No. 01.07
Type Bro IIIc

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950 so these two 10 øre stamps made up this new 20 øre rate. Being used in October, this was just a month before the introduction of the provisional stamps.



LERVIG
datestamp No. 24.02
Type Uds
+
THORSHAVN
Receipt datestamp
dated 8.11.1940.

Datestamp No. 01.07
Type Bro IIIc

Franked with a 5 øre Numeral, maroon, SG268c and a 15 øre Caravel, scarlet, SG277b

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950 so these stamps were used to make up the new 20 øre rate. Sent just a few days after the first provisional stamp (20 on 15 øre) was issued this will likely have been one of the latest usages of this combination.




Provisional stamp Issues

As new denominations had not yet been delivered since the increased postage rates were applied the Faroes postal officials authorised (without authority from the postal authorities in Denmark) the local production of provisional stamps that could be used to meet the new rates. Those definitive issues that were available in reasonable quantities on the Islands were overprinted creating five different provisional stamps to cover the new rates (First Printing). The first provisional stamp was the 20 øre overprint on the red 15 øre Caravel stamp, issued on 2nd November 1940.




MIDVAAG
datestamp No. 08.02
Type Uds
+
THORSHAVN
Receipt datestamp
dated 16.1.1941.
Datestamp No. 01.07
Type Bro IIIc

Franked with a
First Printing (02.11.1940) 20 øre on 15 øre Caravel, red, overprinted in black.
(DK6).

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950.



SAND
datestamp No. 09.02
Type UDS
+
THORSHAVN
Receipt datestamp
dated 19.12.1940.
Datestamp No. 01.07
Type Bro IIIc

Franked with a
First Printing (06.12.1940) 50 øre on 5 øre Wavy-lines, wine-red, overprinted in black (DK7).
 
Used on a parcel card.
Possibly on a Local (to 5kg) or Inland (to 1kg) packet. These rates applied from 10.07.1940 until 30.06.1946.



REQUIRED
60/6 øre First Printing
First Issue (21.12.1940)
60 øre on 6 øre Wavy-lines, orange, overprinted in black (FO8).



VESTMANNA
Datestamp no. 11.02
Type UDS
+
THORSHAVN
Receipt datestamp
dated 25.3.1941.
Datestamp No. 01.07
Type Bro IIIc

Franked with a
First Issue (17.03.1941) 20 øre on 5 øre Wavy-lines, wine-red, overprinted in blue (FO5).

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950.





THORSHAVN
dated 15.5.41

Datestamp No. 01.07
Type Bro IIIc

Franked with a
First Printing (02.05.1941) 20 øre on 1 øre Wavy-lines, greenish black, overprinted in blue.
(DK4).

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950.



The supply of 500 sheets of the new 20 øre red Carvel stamps from Denmark in November and December 1940 were initially only in small quantities and were not immediately put to general use but were made availaable to collectors for FDCs. There is then no recorded useage until the stamp was put into general release in mid February 1941, but they only lasted until the end of March 1941.


Wish List
New 20 øre red Carvel on cover posted Feb-March 1941




When fresh supplies of the older values arrived on 20th May 1941 a Second printing (Issue) of three values were produced (20/1 øre, 50/5 øre and 60/6 øre).

20/1 Second Issue



50/5 Second Issue


60/6 Second Issue



Provisional Handstamps


Postal authorities had FRANCO BETALT ("postage paid") handstamps produced in a further attempt to overcome the stamp shortages. Four sets of 5, 10 and 20 øre values were produced with the intent being to provide one set to each of the post offices in Thorshavn, Klaksvig, Trangisvaag and Vaag (Danish names).

The overwhelming use of these handstamps was in THORSHAVN although postal records indicate that there was also some usage in KLAKSVIG and VAAG. There was no recorded usage in TRANGISVAAG.


FRANCO BETALT
10 øre
+
THORSHAVN
Special (klipfisk) datestamp No. 01.Sær.01
dated 5.6.1941

Introduced on 10.5.1941
DK 14

Possibly used on a Local letter as the Local Letter rate of 10 øre applied from 01.03.1921 until 30.06.1946.



FRANCO BETALT
20 øre
+
THORSHAVN
datestamp No. 01.07
dated 17.05.1941

Introduced on 10.5.1941
DK 15

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950.



Subsequently non-denominational handstamps were produced by drilling out the values from two of the 5 øre handstamps using a Thorshavn dentist's drill (probably those intended for Trangisvaag and Vaag as these are not know to have been used). This grinding out of the centre resulted in faint inky blobs being created in the centre (particularly with the one for Thorshavn).

FRANCO BETALT no denomination
+
THORSHAVN
datestamp No. 01.07
dated 4.6.1941

Introduced on 10th May 1941 this handstamp (DK16) showed no denomination but the postage paid was applied in manuscript (90 øre in this instance).

This handstamp was often used on C.O.D. documents, accompanying letters or parcels sent cash-on-delivery. Probably posted at Thorshavn on 4th June 1941.




The new 20 øre stamp only became widely available when 3000 sheets arrived from Denmark on 5th June 1941.


THORSHAVN
dated 28.6.1941.

Special (klipfisk) datestamp No. 01.Sær.01
Type BroVIIc

Franked with a (recently issued) 20 øre Caravel, scarlet, SG 278b.

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950

Sent by Thorshavn’s Milk and Margarine company (one time owner of Ruth).
The envelope contains two bills dated 24th June.

An early cover franked with the re-supplied stamp posted in the same month as the stamps were re-supplied.








Following the general re-supply of stamps during September 1941 regular supplies of new stamps became available, although often at a later date than their release in Denmark, and no further major shortages were experienced.


Military Mail

Three Army Field Post Offices (FPOs) handled almost all mail from British forces in the Faroe Islands. Most but not all such mail was addressed to Great Britain.


On Active Service cover sent 17 JY 42

FPO611 Miðvágur/Vágar

Type I, with code letter A (without crossbar) used 04.06.1942 - 23.07.1942.

Circular Army censor handstamp





Further covers of interest.


THORSHAVN
dated -2.11.1942

Special (klipfisk) datestamp No. 01.Sær.01
Type BroVIIc

Franked with 20 øre, scarlet, and 10 øre, violet, King Christian X stamps.
(SG 329 and SG 327 respectively)

The cover also has a four-line handstamp in red 'Forstedags Kuvert / Ersttag-Brief / First day cover / Le jour d'emission’
showing that these stamps were used on the first day of issue in the Faroes (2.11.1942), although they had been issued in Denmark on 26.9.1942.

A good example of the delivery of new stamp issues to the Faroe Islands being delayed.


VAAG
dated 31.01.1943

Datestamp No. 12.03
Type Bro IIc

Franked with a 20 øre Caravel, scarlet, SG 278b.

Inland letter rate of 20 øre applied from 10.07.1940 until 31.05.1950


THORSHAVN
dated 15.5.1943

Datestamp No. 01.08
Type Bro IIc-1

Franked with a 30 øre King Christian X, orange, SG331.

This is a local FDC for the 30 øre ore stamp. Initially issued in Denmark on 5 January 1943 but as with many other stamps issued during the war the stamp was supplied to the Faroes later. First usage in the Faroes was 15th May 1943.

A further example of the wartime impact on postal supplies.


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